According to the 1991 census, 57.38% of the population of Kerala are Hindus, 23.33 Muslims, and 19.32 Christians. Such is the yawning and persistent gap between the Muslims and others. Kerala's religious population presents a cultural backdrop of various religions living together with peace and harmony. Of this, 12 percentage points have been added after 1951.Christians have added 4.7 percentage points to their shareChristians had a share of somewhat above 1 percent in 1901; and remained at less than 1.5 percent up to 1941. From 1961 onwards, the share of Christians begins declining both in South and North Kerala, and that of Muslims begins rising in both. Saint Thomas Christians include Syro-Malabar Catholic, Syro-Malankara Catholic, Malankara Orthodox, Jacobite and Marthoma. Other Muslims, Christians, and some Hindu castes such as the Namboothiris and the Ezhavas followed makkathayam, a patrilineal system. Indian Religionists have correspondingly lost 18.4 percentage points from their share in the population of North Kerala. In addition they have a near majority in the northernmost sub-district of Kasargod. The oldest record about Kerala found in one of the rock edict byAsoka, the Mauryan emperor who later turned to Buddhism, dates back to 257 B.C. Read more about this topic:  Kerala, Demographics, “The main business of religions is to purify, control, and restrain that excessive and exclusive taste for well-being which men acquire in times of equality.”—Alexis de Tocqueville (1805–1859), “Those who believe in their truth—the only ones whose imprint is retained by the memory of men—leave the earth behind them strewn with corpses. Yet, the number of children of age 0-6 years per hundred of population is 14.4 for Muslims as compared to 8.9 for both Hindus and Christians. Indian Religionists in this region have a somewhat better share of 58.5 percent. Assume that rest of all the religions has only replacement rate of fertility. Therefore, the gap in growth of Muslims and others has only widened. As a consequence of this differential growth, the share of Muslims in the state has increased by 1.84 percentage points at the cost of both Hindus and Christians who have lost 1.44 and 0.64 percentage points, respectively, from their share in 2001. Total population of Palakkad district is 2,809,934 as per census 2011. After 1971, the rates of growth of all communities began to decline, but the decline in the growth rate of Muslims has been much slower than that of Hindus and Christians. In 2001-11, the share of Christians has declined in all these sub-districts, except Kochi, Udumbanchola and Peerumade. In comparison with the rest of India, Kerala experiences relatively little sectarianism. As per the Census 2001 data, Hindus, who constitute 56.20 per cent of the total population, is the most prominent religious community in the state. During 2001-11, Hindus and Christians have recorded decadal growth of 2.23 and 1.38 percent respectively, while the Muslims have grown by 12.84 percent. Of these, 1.83 crore are Hindus, 88.7 lakh Muslims, and 61.4 lakh Christians. Ernakulam (IPA: /eːrɐɳaːkʊɭɐm/; IAST: Eṟaṇākuḷaṁ) is a district of Kerala, India, that takes its name from the eponymous city division in Kochi.It is situated in the central part of the state, spans an area of about 3,000 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi), and is home to over 9% of Kerala's population. Muslims have a high presence along the whole western coast up to Goa.12. Our business model is you and your subscription. The two regions are very different in their religious demography as seen in the Map below that shows the distribution of Christians and Muslims in the State up to the sub-district level. Cioran (b. The major Hindu castes are Ezhavas, Nairs, Nambudiri and Dalits. They follow primitive forms of … Among the coastal sub-districts, it is only in Cherthala of Alappuzha and Neyyattinkara of Thiruvananthapuram that the presence of Muslims is insignificant.Kottayam-Idukki-Ernakulam region is the heartland of ChristiansAs seen in the Map above, Kottayam, Idukki, Ernakuam and parts of Pattanamthitta and Thrissur in South Kerala form the heartland of Christians. Owing to the former matrilineal system, women in Kerala enjoy a high social status. Kerala thus is proof that decline in the growth rates of population because of various factors of development does not by itself lead to restoration of the imbalance of growth between different communities; in fact, it may worsen the imbalance.9. Of the loss of 14 percentage points suffered by the Indian Religionists, 9.6 percentage points have accrued to the Muslims and 4.3 to the Christians. The rest of the Hindu castes, including those in the list of Other Backward Class (OBC), are minority communities. Copyright: Swarajya. In 2011, the share of Muslims in this district is 70.2 percent, marking an accretion of 16 percentage points in the six decades since Independence. Muslims have gained by 12 percentage pointsIn North Kerala, there were few Christians in 1901. Rural population in Kerala is 1,59,32,171. Conversion of South Kerala to Christianity happened even later, in the course of the nineteenth century when Travancore and Cochin States came under British control and benignly allowed the spread of English education and Christianity in their domains.But both Christianity and Islam have expanded considerably during the twentieth century. Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. P Mohanachandran Nair, professor and head of department of demography , University of Kerala says child population in the state also follow this trend. The imbalance of growth that we see in Kerala is even more pronounced in North Kerala, where Muslims have a presence of 43.5 percent and where the share of Indian Religionists has declined by as much as 18.4 percentage points since 1901.10. Muslims at that time formed nearly 30 percent of the population. The decline was partly because much of the migration of Christians to North Kerala originated from this region; and, partly because of the faster growth of Muslims in this and every other region of the State, particularly after 1951. Of 61.4 lakh Christians in Kerala, 25.9 lakhs are in Kottayam-Idukki-Ernakurlam region. Between 1931 and 2011, the share of Christians in this region has declined from 45.7 to 40.7 percent and that of Muslims has risen from 6.7 to 11.4 percent.Christians form a majority of 52.5 percent in Meenachil sub-district of Kottayam and of 51.3 percent in Mallappally of Pathanamthitta; their share is above 40 percent in another 11 sub-districts. Conclusion1. Islam is the second largest religion in India with approximately 172 million adherents, or over 14% of the population. The pyramid for Muslims is, however, nearly 70 percent wider at the base than that of Hindus and Christians; the gap is similar to the gap between Muslims and Hindus in Haryana. Male and female literacy rates for Muslims are almost exactly equal to those for Hindus; these are slightly higher for Christians. Christianity is believed to have reached the shores of Kerala in 52 CE with the arrival of St Thomas, one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. In 1951, they had a share of 54.3 percent, which was only 2 percentage points above their share of 52.3 percent in 1911. Kerala, thus, proves that imbalance in growth of different communities does not disappear with rising literacy and lowering growth rates, as is fondly believed by many. Christian Population in Kerala is 61.41 Lakhs (18.38 percent) of total 3.34 Crore. And, notwithstanding the high literacy rate of Muslim women, their work participation rate is as low as 6.76 percent. Muslims now form a commanding majority of 70.2 percent in Malappuram of North Kerala; they are in a majority in all sub-districts of this district and have a presence of more than 40 percent in several adjoining sub-districts.11. The share of Muslims in Kerala has increased from 17.3 percent in 1901 to 26.6 percent in 2011; much of this accretion has occurred after 1961.5. During this decade, Muslims in this sub-district have grown by 19.4 percent, compared to the growth of 3.1 percent of Hindus and 2.6 percent of Muslims.Muslims also have a significant presence in nearly all of the coastal sub-districts of South Kerala, including in Thrissur, Ernakulam, Alappuzha, Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram districts. Hinduism is the most dominant religion with 56% Kerala Hindus in the state. Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. Muslims of Kerala, generally referred to as Moplahs, mostly follow the Shafi'i Madh'hab under Sunni Islam. Indian population religion wise 2019 list with state wise Census of India Hindu population, Muslim population,Sikh,Christian,Buddhist and Jainism.. Population Of India. In the first half of the century, in fact up to 1961, the share of Christians in the population kept rising consistently from decade to decade. Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains are below 5000 each and 95,773 people has not stated their religion or have no religious affiliation. The concentration of Christians in this region has been somewhat moderated because of their large-scale migration from this region to the hilly forested parts of North Kerala, from around 1931. with lowest Population: Hindus: 1,82,82,492: 54.73: Thiruvananthapuram: Malappuram: Muslims: 88,73,472: 26.56: Malappuram: Pathanamthitta: Christians: 61,41,269: 18.38: Ernakulam: Malappuram Over a third of Keralites live in these large cities (a higher percentage than any other state), and over half the population lives in urban centres. The share of Indian Religionists in Kerala, who are almost all Hindus, has declined from nearly 69 percent in 1901 to 55 percent in 2011, marking a loss of 14 percentage points in 11 decades.Unlike in the other regions mentioned above, in Kerala, both Christians and Muslims have considerable presence and both have gained in their share in this period. As seen in the Table here, Muslims have always been growing faster than the Hindus and Christians since 1951. Hindu are minority in Malappuram state forming 27.60% of total population. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Wayanad District as per Census 2011 In this sub-district, the absolute number of Hindus has declined from 1.05 lakh in 2001 to 90.5 thousand in 2011. Out of which 401684 are males while 415736 are females. Buddhism is believed to have reached Kerala between 270 B.C. The country in general has a population density of 4-16 people. It is expected that the Christian population should be about 16% in 2011 down from 19.5% in 2001 and the Muslim community must have reached 25% as against 21% in 2001. The difference in the birth rate among different communities must show up in the overall state population composition. The numbers under RNS have increased considerably in all districts of Kerala, but their largest concentration in 2011 is in Thiruvananthapuram; fully one-quarter of the RNS have been counted in this district, and of these, more than 13 thousand are in the capital city. The share of Muslims has grown in both parts and Indian Religionists have lost in both. As far as the religion of Kerala is concerned, the origins could be traced to Hinduism. According to the 2001 census, 56% of the population of Kerala is Hindus, 24% are Muslims and 19% are Christians. Religion. As per official census 2011 and population data 2020 of Malappuram district, Muslim are majority in Malappuram state. While both Christians and Muslims have improved their share in different parts of Kerala in the course of the twentieth century and the first decade of the twenty-first, Indian Religionists have continued to yield demographic space throughout this period. The most common Hindu castes are Dalit, Ezhava, Thiyya, Arayan, Nadars, Nair and Nambudiri. Later we shall see that though there was a significant presence of Christians and Muslims in Kerala already in 1901, there has been a large accretion to the share of the former in the pre-Independence period and to that of the latter in the six decades since 1951. There has been no let up in their decline in this whole period. Kerala Population Census 2011, Kerala Religion, Literacy, Sex … The decadal growth of Muslims has indeed declined considerably since 1971. Haryana is on the other end of the scale from Kerala in terms of demographic ‘advance’ as indicated by parameters like female literacy and children percent of population. Kerala is one of the several parts of India, including Assam, West Bengal, Purnia and Santhal Pargana region of Bihar and Jharkhand, parts of Western Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Mewat of Haryana and Rajasthan, and many of the States in the northeast, whose religious demography has undergone a drastic change in the course of the twentieth century.2. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 million (0.4%) are Jain. Christians, meanwhile, have lost about 3 percentage points from their share; they formed 21.2 percent of the population in 1961, their share in 2011 is 18.4 percent. There are many languages that are widely spoken in Kerala. to 240 B.C. For the mainstream religious community of a region to suffer such a loss in a little more than a century is indeed an alarming historical occurrence. That is zero growth. Religious Population by Educational Status; Religious Population by Marital Status; Workers by Religious Communities; Associate Websites (56) Sector-specific Websites (19) IndiaAgristat IndiaChildrenstat IndiaCrimestat IndiaDemographics. In the northern Kasargod sub-district, their share has risen from 44.55 to 48.15 percent. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala's population are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.33% follow other religions or have no religion. We deliver over 10 - 15 high quality articles with expert insights and views. High presence of both Muslims and ChristiansThe religious demography of Kerala is marked by high presence of both Muslims and Christians. However in 2015, Hindus contributed 42.87 per cent to child births, Muslims 41.5 per cent and Christians 15.42 per cent. with highest Population: Dist. Since then, their share has been growing consistently from decade to decade, excepting a slight decline in 1941-51, but the rise has been precipitously sharp after Independence and Partition. In Idukki district as a whole, the population of all communities has declined during 2001-11, but the decline is the most pronounced for the Hindus. Kerala; Palakkad Religion Census 2011; ... As per official census 2011 and population data 2021 of Palakkad district, Hindu are majority in Palakkad state. Kerala Hindus (ARUN SANKAR/AFP/Getty Images). In South Kerala, Christians form 28.2 percent of the population and Muslims have a share of 13.3 percent. The share of Christians in Kerala had increased from 13.8 percent in 1901 to 21.2 percent in 1961; since then, there has been some decline in their share because of the rapid rise of Muslims. However, gender inequality among low caste men and women is reportedly higher compared to that in other castes. Of these, 1.83 crore are Hindus, 88.7 lakh Muslims, and 61.4 lakh Christians. But the decline has been far slower than that of the other communities subjected to similar influences of education, modernity and prosperity. The major religions of Kerala are Hindu, Islam, Christian. Indian Religionists in this region are now barely above the fifty percent mark. Buddhism was dominant at the time of Ashoka the Great but vanished by the 8th century CE. With the rise in the share of both Muslims and Christians, the share of Indian Religionists has undergone a decline of nearly 14 percentage points, from 68.9 percent in 1901 to 55.0 percent in 2011. Religious Demography of Kerala Population of Kerala in 2011 is 3.34 crores. Christians are concentrated in South Kerala and especially in Kottayam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta and Ernakulam districts. State Wise Population of India.Population of India By Religion.This Post Will Share Comparison Of Population Of India 2017 and Population Of India 2018 and Population Of India 2019 along with Total population … The major Hindu castes are Ezhavas, Nairs, Nambudiri and Dalits. Besides these three, the only significant numbers are in the category of ‘Religion Not Stated’, a total of 88 thousand persons have been counted thus; their number in 2001 was only 25 thousand. Religions number in their ledgers more murders than the bloodiest tyrannies account for, and those whom humanity has called divine far surpass the most conscientious murderers in their thirst for slaughter.”—E.M. Kerala has three main religions: Hinduism (56%), Islam (25%) and Christianity (19%). But they also have a share of more than 40 percent in the adjoining sub-districts of Palakkad, Wayanad and Kozhikode districts. However, the decline of the latter has been more pronounced in North Kerala, where their share has fallen from 69.1 percent in 1901 to 50.7 percent in 2011. There was a sudden spurt in the decadal rate of growth of Muslims during 1961-71. By the mid-seventh century Buddhism declined. The data is unambiguous—the population of Hindus is on a decline in Kerala, and there seems to be no end to the fall in the near future. Presence of Muslims and Christians in the two regions has a historical backgroundThough some Christians and Muslims have been there in Kerala since several centuries, large-scale conversion to Christianity and Islam has happened in relatively recent period. The example of Kerala shows that the stage of advance in these and similar parameters has little effect upon the gap in growth of different communities and upon the evolving demographic imbalance between them.The longer term growth of both Christians and MuslimsWe have so far looked at the higher growth of Muslims during the last decade and in the relatively recent period of the previous few decades. Kerala has 26.6% Muslims. Muslims are concentrated in North and Christians in South KeralaOf the total of 88.7 lakh Muslims in the State in 2011, 63.8 lakh are in North Kerala and only about 25 lakh in South Kerala. 18% of Kerala was Muslim and 20% followed Christianity. Although a minority, the Christian population of Kerala is proportionally much larger than that of India as a whole. In South Kerala, the share of Muslims has grown from less than 7 percent in 1901 to 13.3 percent in 2011; it was only 9.5 percent in 1951.Indian Religionists suffer a loss of 10 percentage points in their shareThe share of Indian Religionists in South Kerala has declined by more than 10 percentage points in this period, from 68.7 percent in 1901 to 58.5 percent in 2011.Growth of Christianity and Islam in North Kerala. Muslims form 43.5 percent of the population in North Kerala; the share of Christians there is 5.8 percent. There was a large Jewish population in the region until the 1900s, when most moved to Israel. The major Muslim organisations are Sunni, Mujahid and Jama'at-e-Islami. Apart from the three major religions, there is a small population of Jains, Sikhs and Buddhists in Kerala. ... Factors Determining Morbidity in Kerala Foreign Trade Pattern of Nepal: Gravity Model Approach Modeling Indian Wheat and Rice Sector Policies Notwithstanding the fact that they equal others in these parameters, and their absolute rate of growth is fairly low, the gap between their growth and that of others remains very wide. Total population of Malappuram district is 4,112,920 as per census 2011. Subscribe here. Consequently, the gap between the growth of Muslims and others has been widening.7. In the following, we look at this longer-term picture is some detail. In this area, which extends into the high Muslim presence region of coastal Karnataka in the north, the growth of Muslims has been extraordinarily high; in the single decade of 2001-11, the share of Muslims in Kasargod district has gone up from 34.31 to 37.24 percent. A significant Jewish community existed in Kerala until the 20th century, when most of them migrated to Israel. The catalog contains data related to other religions and persuasions wise population, census 1991 - India and States. Muslims, on the other hand, experienced a significant decline only in 1991-2001. Becoming a Patron or a subscriber for as little as Rs 999/year is the best way you can support our efforts. Christians of this region set up farms and plantations in those parts with the active support of the Church. Therefore, the share of both Muslims and Christians has risen in the district while that of Hindus has declined. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The Muslim population in Kerala has been growing at a faster rate compared with the Hindu and the Christian population. This gap is likely to remain rather wide even after the population of Kerala stops growing or even begins to decline, which is likely to happen by the next decade.The gap in growth between Muslims and others in Kerala is wider than in HaryanaIn an earlier post (XIV: Age Pyramids), we have given the age-pyramids of Muslims, Hindus and Christians in Kerala and several other States including Haryana. The share of Christians in the State at 18.4% is the highest outside the northeast; about 22 percent of all Christians in the country are in Kerala. Indian population religion wise 2019 - State wise. The decline of 1.2 percentage points that they have experienced during the last decade is comparable to the quantum of decline they have experienced in every decade since 1921; in the first two decades of that century, the decline was higher, at about 2 percentage points per decade.Distribution and Growth of Muslims and Christians in different regions of KeralaKerala is historically divided into two distinct regions: North Kerala, known as Malabar, comprising the current districts of Kasargod, Kannur, Wayanad, Malappuram and Palakkad; and, South Kerala, generally known as Travancore-Cochin and comprising Thrissur, Ernakulam, Idukki, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram districts. Muslims also have a considerable presence in nearly all of the coastal sub-districts of both North and South Kerala. Christianity is the third-most practised religion in Kerala, accounting for 18% of the population according to the Indian census. After 1961, it was the turn of Muslims to rise. Wayanad district of Kerala has total population of 817420 as per the Census 2011. In Kochi, there has been a marginal rise in their share. During 2001-11, Muslims in Kerala have grown by 12.8 percent, while Hindus have grown by 2.2 and Christians by 1.4 percent. Islam is the second largest group with a population of 24.7%. The Paradesi Synagogue at Kochi is the oldest synagogue in the Commonwealth. According to 2001 Census of India figures, 56.2% of Kerala's residents are Hindus, 24.7% are Muslims, 19% are Christians, and the remaining 1.1% follows other religions. The current population of Kerala is 33 million. Various tribal people in Kerala have retained the religious beliefs of their ancestors. In Peerumade, there has been some accretion to the share of Muslims also, and the share of Hindus has declined by as much as 3 percentage points. The data shows an interesting pattern. Christianity in Kerala. This has led to a considerable presence of Christians in some of the northern sub-districts.13. And in challenging times like these, we need your support now more than ever. According to 2001 Census of India figures, 56.2% of Kerala's residents are Hindus, 24.7% are Muslims, 19% are Christians, and the remaining 1.1% follows other religions. Muslim growth in Kerala has remained much above others, even though they are not behind others in literacy, urbanisation or prosperity. This gap in growth is wider than even in Haryana.8. Christians and Muslims have shared the century between themIn the Table here we have compiled the share of Muslims and Christians in Kerala since 1901. Today a very small population of Buddhists is present in the state. The gap in growth has widened even when absolute growth rates are decliningKerala is an example of how the gap between the growth rates of different communities can remain high or even widen when the absolute growth rates decline. After 1941, their share began rising and it reached up to 6.4 percent in 1981; this was because of the migration of Christians from South Kerala as we have mentioned above; the share of Christians in South Kerala began to decline from then onwards. Hindus constitute 54.9 per cent of the total population in Kerala, Muslims 26.6 per cent and Christians 18.4 per cent, it said. Share of Christians in Kerala now is 18.4 percent.4. A significant portion of the Indian Christian population resides in the state. Jainism has a considerable following in the Wayanad district. Muslims now form 43.5 percent of the population of North Kerala; there has been an accretion of nearly 14 percentage points to their share since 1901. Muslims plays important role in electoral of Kerala state forming significant 26.56% of total population. The rise in their share of the population in southern and northern regions during this period has been much more precipitous than what is indicated by the rise in their aggregate shares in the whole of Kerala, as we see below.Growth of Christianity and Islam in South KeralaChristians form 28 percent of the population of South Kerala, In 1901, about a quarter of the population of South Kerala was Christian; their share reached near 32 percent in 1941. Kerala has six major cities: Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam, Thrissur and Kannur. Important role in electoral of Palakkad state forming significant 26.56 % of total population of North Kerala ; the of. Ernakulam districts % ) hand, experienced a significant Jewish community existed in Kerala through Arab traders other and! The decadal rate of growth of Muslims and the main deities they worship the! 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